Wiring Materials And Installation Methods in Electrical Construction Works

Electrical wiring needs expertise attention to every building projects. It directly related to the safety of human beings and utilities / equipment people handle. The scope of electrical wiring shall cover supply, installation, testing and commissioning of all conduits and accessories, wiring, switches, socket outlets, junction boxes / pull boxes, GI pull wires, ceiling roses making connections etc. Unless otherwise indicated wiring shall consist of PVC insulated copper conductor wires installed in heavy gauge steel galvanized conduits.

General Requirements for Electrical Earthing or Grounding System in Building Construction

Component parts of earthing system are to include the following: Earth electrode (rods, tapes etc.); Main earthing terminals or bars; Earthing conductors; Protective conductors; Equipotential bonding conductors; Electrically independent earth electrodes for special systems (clean earth); Accessories and termination fittings, bonding, welding kits and other materials

Typical Cable Laying Details For Direct Buried, Low Tension Cables

Most Construction projects requires underground cabling system for its power supply, some times High tension system too. The architects and builders are least bothered about how this cables routed to the premises and equipment. If electrical professionals pointed out the feasibility, the aesthetics of the project would touch to the intended level. Hence, in the planning stage itself the routes and size of the power cable trench to be incorporated in the project design.

Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing (MEP) in Construction Contract

The acronym MEP became an integral word of a building project in Middle East Gulf region during year 2000. In the inception stage of MEP, there were involvement of only two engineering branches, Mechanical and Electrical, now it included electronics, instrumentation and communication. In some occasions, Mechatronics also partake in the project for smooth completion of the whole MEP works. Companies that carry out MEP works also known as Electro-Mechanical company which has multi-faceted technicians and engineers for effective design, coordination and execution of the works.

Testing and Commissioning In Electrical Construction Works

At the completion of the electrical installation works, the entire installation shall be subject to the test before final placing in service under the full responsibility of the contractor. Unless Otherwise specifically called for all tests shall be carried out in conformity with IEE regulations. Contractor shall coordinate with the Client and the Supervising Engineer to get electricity from the local supply authority before starting of testing and commissioning.

Method of Lightning Protection System For Building

Lightning Protection System should be in accordance with BS 6651 and IEC 61024 to protect the building structure and personnel from the risk of a lightning strike. The installation shall comprise air networks connected to roof and down conductors and finally terminated in earth electrodes, via structural re-bars and suitable test points in accordance with the details included on the attached drawings or in the Specification Section.

Method Statement For Installation Of Cable Tray Or Trunking

Electrical Engineers seldom show interest acquiring knowledge and experience on cable tray installations. Most of them think it's a concern of mechanical fabricators to be taken care of it. A proper and professional way of cable tray installation requires good involvement and coordination of people from both electrical and mechanical disciplines. If cable tray system has been installed appropriately in a project, following advantages can be counted:

Method of Earthing or Grounding for Diesel Generator Plant

Earthing or Grounding of Diesel Generator Plant is important to ensure correct operation of the plant and safety of the people who work over there. Generator neutral (star point) is to be connected by insulated earthing conductor through the neutral earthing link or device to main earthing bar. Neutral earthing conductor is to be suitably sized to carry maximum earth fault current for time it takes the system protection to operate with final conductor temperature not exceeding 160 deg. C, but not less than 30 mm2 per 100 kVA of generator rating, with a minimum of 50 mm2. All emergency power diesel gensets including portable gensets to be connected to grounding conductor.

Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) OR Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) Panel

Reliable electrical power becomes one of the most wanted factor in modern world industry where operation should be uninterruptible and maximize the cycle of operation, output quality and to avoid losses and damages. Here we are talking about Automatic Transfer Switches (ATS) also known as Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) panel to cater uninterrupted power supply from Mains or backup sources like Diesel gen-set, static ups etc.

Method Statement For The Installation Of Power and Lighting System Wiring

This method of statement specifies the detailed requirements and procedures for the installation of Power and Lighting System Wiring. Installation: No wiring be carried out until the appropriate tests required or in the electrical testing section have been done and the consultant has given his clearance for wiring to commence. A loop in form of wiring shall be used as far as practicable or unless otherwise indicated. Joints in conductors shall be made using insulated terminal blocks complying with requirements of this specification.

Conduit Wiring In Electrical Construction Contract Works

Scope of Work of this this sample specification covers the supply, installation, testing and commissioning of all wiring materials for power and lighting in concealed and/or surface conduits.

1. Applicable Standards

The conduits shall conform to IS 9537 I & II  or equivalent standards. Switches, Plug Sockets shall conform to IS 3854 and IS 4615, however, contractor shall comply with the latest or superseded versions of IS/BIS to be used for the complete work.

Lighting Distribution Boards (LDB) In Electrical Construction Works

Lighting Distribution Boards are an integral and essential part of every building project and it must be designed, manufactured and installed all in accordance with the safety standards. In most of the cases it operates a layman wherein others operate dedicated or trained person. This article explains what are the basic and essential standards, parts, frame to be applied for manufacturing and installation of lighting distribution boards in a building project.

Typical Installation Details Of Floor / Wall Mounted Electrical SMDB

Electrical Sub-Main Distribution Boards (SMDB) are the integral part of Electrical LV Power distribution network in the end user premises of a medium and large scale projects. SMDB acts as a mediator between Main Distribution Board (MDB) and Final Distribution Boards (FDB) that serves approximately 100A to 400A load range. The drawings given here shows how to install:

Construction Specification For Electrical Busbar Trunking (Bus Duct) System

Busbar Trunking System (BBT) in electrical construction, uses to transporting electrical power to a shorter distance but many utilization point, say, within the building or a compound of facilities. Though cables can also be used in these areas, their economic impact would be high if compared to the effective Busbar Trunking System. It will help us to tap power directly from where we want it to be and make utilize to the service point.

Earthing or Grounding Method For Transformer Substation

MV switchgear and MV cables are to have separate main earthing bar connected to framework or earth bar of each item by insulated conductor and the earth-electrode by 2 insulated earthing conductors, one at each end of bar, via testing joints. Earthing conductor is to be minimum 150 mm2.

Electrodes for Earthing or Grounding System in Building Construction

A. Ground Rod:

16 mm diameter stainless steel. Driving head is to be high strength steel. Couplings are to be long length silicon bronze, internally threaded. Threads are to be rolled onto rod to ensure uniform layers of copper and strength. Earth rod is to be complete with non-corrosive couplings, head and bolted connector of sufficient size, and number of bolted clamps to connect all cables terminated thereto.

Low Voltage (LV) Power Cables In Electrical Construction Works

The scope of work shall cover laying, connecting, testing and commissioning of low voltage power cables complete with all cable support, cable, cable trays, clamps and joints. Cables to be purchased from who regularly engaged in the manufacturer of electrical cable and wire products of the types and ratings required, whose products have been in satisfactory use in similar service not less than 5 years. The standard of the cables shall comply with National Electrical Manufacturers Association of local standards or any other approved.

Low Voltage (LV) Switchgears in Electrical Construction Works

Low Voltage Switchgear are familiar to every people since they are the controlling mediators between low voltage utilities and equipment with human beings. Be it a common home DB or an isolator or control centres, they all are being manufactured to use untrained people ie., common people. The scope of works shall cover the supply installation, testing and commissioning of main and sub-distribution boards, panel boards, fusible safety switches, circuit breakers etc. Associated minor building works require for the erection of the distribution boards and panels shall be included in the scope of work.