Low Voltage (LV) Switchgears in Electrical Construction Works

Low Voltage Switchgear are familiar to every people since they are the controlling mediators between low voltage utilities and equipment with human beings. Be it a common home DB or an isolator or control centres, they all are being manufactured to use untrained people ie., common people. The scope of works shall cover the supply installation, testing and commissioning of main and sub-distribution boards, panel boards, fusible safety switches, circuit breakers etc. Associated minor building works require for the erection of the distribution boards and panels shall be included in the scope of work.

 

Typical Cable Laying Details For Direct Buried, Low Tension Cables

Most Construction projects requires underground cabling system for its power supply, some times High tension system too. The architects and builders are least bothered about how this cables routed to the premises and equipment. If electrical professionals pointed out the feasibility, the aesthetics of the project would touch to the intended level. Hence, in the planning stage itself the routes and size of the power cable trench to be incorporated in the project design.

Lighting Distribution Boards (LDB) In Electrical Construction Works

Lighting Distribution Boards are an integral and essential part of every building project and it must be designed, manufactured and installed all in accordance with the safety standards. In most of the cases it operates a layman wherein others operate dedicated or trained person. This article explains what are the basic and essential standards, parts, frame to be applied for manufacturing and installation of lighting distribution boards in a building project.

Transformers in MV Distribution System

This specification intended to supply, install, test and commission mineral oil immersed 1500 KVA, 3 phase indoor transformers, fitted with cable boxes, bolts, and all necessary accessories. Transformers shall be indoor type, oil filled, two winding, four off load capacity, 2.5% taps, two above and two below high voltage rating in compliance with IEC 76 or BS 171.

Mechanical General Plant and Machines in MEP Work

In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical General Plant and Machines have been described in detail under construction contract work. Main Highlights of this MEP Specification are: Circulating Pumps, Water Storage Tank, Water Level Indication, Immersion Heaters for Hot Water Services, Direct Electric Water Heaters, and Expansion Vessels.

Method Statement For The Installation Of Power and Lighting System Wiring

This method of statement specifies the detailed requirements and procedures for the installation of Power and Lighting System Wiring. Installation: No wiring be carried out until the appropriate tests required or in the electrical testing section have been done and the consultant has given his clearance for wiring to commence. A loop in form of wiring shall be used as far as practicable or unless otherwise indicated. Joints in conductors shall be made using insulated terminal blocks complying with requirements of this specification.

Typical Mounting Details Of Fire Alarm Detectors

These typical drawings show how to install smoke detectors and heat detectors used in Fire Alarm system on false ceiling. The installation shall be as per the relevant section in the contract specification and drawing has the following major points: Smoke detector mounted on false ceiling with the help of loop in box; Firetuff or equivalent cable run under the RCC slab clipped to the soffit; Cable size shall be 2 core 1.5 sq. mm copper; Cable has to be looped to the detector and tied as shown in the drawing.

Grounding or Earthing System In Electrical Construction Works

The scope of work shall cover providing grounding stations, laying copper ground wires and connecting the panels, equipment, etc. to the ground grip as shown in the drawing. The ground station shall be as shown in the drawing. The ground electrode shall be minimum 10 feet long 1 inch dia steel pipe with copper weld exterior surface. The ground resistance shall be maintained with a suitable soil treatment as shown on drawings or as discussed and decided at site.

Typical Installation Details and Drawings

Construction projects highly depends on typical installation details and drawings. Architects and engineers use this kind of information to reduce their work load. Employees particularly technicians and foremen who execute the project uses typical drawings as general guidelines where repeated structure, forms, shapes, operations, loads, etc. come into force.

Electrical Grounding or Earthing Conductors in Building Construction

Buried Earth Conductors: PVC insulated copper strip conductors or PVC insulated stranded copper cables with cross-section min 70 mm2 or as per earthing calculation. Earthing Conductors: PVC insulated copper conductor as described in the Specification for the particular application.

Master Antenna TV System (MATV) In Electrical Construction Works

Master Antenna Television or MATV means many TV connection outlets from one Master antenna control system. Usually high-rise apartment houses, hotels, schools and cluster based residential area utilizes this kind of TV distribution network. It may or may not include FM radio so that one outlet can receive both TV and FM reception. The scope of this section covers the design, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of Master Antenna TV System, for the reception and distribution of television broadcast signals.

Method of Electrical Earthing And Bonding Multicore Cables

The metallic sheath and armour of multicore cables shall be bonded together and earthed. Cable earthing conductors shall be copper strip with appropriate section laid in formed cable trenches or ducts, or fixed to walls, concrete or steel work, by means of clamps or claw type cleats, appropriately secured into suitable wall plugs or tapped holes. The spacing of fixings shall not be greater than 1 m.

Construction Specification For Electrical Busbar Trunking (Bus Duct) System

Busbar Trunking System (BBT) in electrical construction, uses to transporting electrical power to a shorter distance but many utilization point, say, within the building or a compound of facilities. Though cables can also be used in these areas, their economic impact would be high if compared to the effective Busbar Trunking System. It will help us to tap power directly from where we want it to be and make utilize to the service point.

Air Conditioning And Ventilation Installations in MEP

In this sample MEP specification section, Air Conditioning And Ventilation Installations have been described in detail under construction contract work. All individual components of packaged air handling units shall comply with the appropriate Sections of this Specification unless otherwise specified within the Schedules or on the drawings.

Medium Voltage Distribution System In Electrical Construction

The work included within this section is for the supply, connection, testing and commissioning of 13.8 KV switch gears, cables, package sub station and all the related accessories necessary for the proper operation of the system as shown and described on drawings, bill of quantity and herein. The contractor shall coordinate with the other services (trades) involved in the project to insure that the foundation, are suitable for the equipment to be installed.

Fire Fighting Services in MEP Construction Contract

In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical Fire Fighting Services have been described in detail under construction contract work. Main Highlights of this MEP Specification for Fire Fighting Services are: Pipework Generally, Dry Risers, Hose Reels, Fire Hydrants and Sprinkler Installation.

Guidelines for Installation of Emergency Power Diesel Generating Set

We often depends Diesel Electrical Genset as emergency power system due to mains failure. As a professional, the installation of diesel electrical power generator should be as per the clients requirement and to be inline with the authoritative norms and standards. Safety, security, convenience, future expansions etc are to be considered and co-ordinated before start detailing of the genset's installation. The generator should be as close to the main change-over board as possible. In cases like Textile Mills, where there is fear of smoke affecting the quality of the yarn etc., generators may be located away from the Plant / Department.

General Conditions And Requirements in Electrical Construction Contract

A sample Specification for Electrical Construction Contract Works that describes General Conditions And Requirements to accomplish electrical works all in conjunction with Architectural, Civil, Mechanical and other services. All electrical equipment, materials, installation and workmanship shall comply with the latest edition of the applicable codes and standards of any of these organization listed below: