The contractor shall supply, installation, test and commission a public address system consisting of power amplifier, mixer power amplifier, microphone module, paging console, cabinet rack, conduits and wiring and all the necessary equipment required by the system shown and described on drawings, bill of quantities and hereinafter.
Method Statement For Installation Of Galvanized Conduits that has to be installed on the Exposed Surface of a building is described here.
1. Introduction and Scope
This method of statement specify the detailed requirements and procedures for the installation of Galvanized Conduits for the exposed surface installation requirement for MEP services of the above building.
Building projects requires MV Distribution Panel Boards for distribution of power to each utilities. A good electrical distribution network will have proper design, right components, and future load provisions. Space utilization will also be an important factor for maintenance and handling of the equipment. Here we look into what are the features required for design, manufacture, install a MV Distribution panel board including its BIS (IS) standards that serving quality building projects.
Compound Demarcation or separations of compounds may use metallic fences sometimes for saving money or aesthetic reasons. Architects and owner of the project decide whether their property protected by compound wall or it needs only fencing. If fencing considered, most cases it will be metallic fence. In the electrical point of view and as a safety measure, metallic fence shall be separately earthed unless they come within 1.8 m of any equipment or structure above the surface of the ground, which is connected to the main earthing system. If the separation of 1.8 m cannot be obtained the fence shall be bonded to the earthing system. Here is how compound fences connecting to the earthing system.
The contractor shall supply, install, test and commission the 13.8 KV cable network as shown and indicated on the contract documents. Conductor sizes shall be metric as shown, conductor sizes with cross sectional areas smaller than specified will not be accepted. The cable installation shall include all trench work, sleeves, ducts, and all necessary fixings and cable terminations at both ends of the cable. The contractor shall supply and install cable marker posts to indicate the route of all underground cables. Markers shall be provided at every bend along the route and at sites of crossing roads or pipe lines.
The scope of work shall cover laying, connecting, testing and commissioning of low voltage power cables complete with all cable support, cable, cable trays, clamps and joints. Cables to be purchased from who regularly engaged in the manufacturer of electrical cable and wire products of the types and ratings required, whose products have been in satisfactory use in similar service not less than 5 years. The standard of the cables shall comply with National Electrical Manufacturers Association of local standards or any other approved.
Modern Buildings essentially implement the needs of Diesel Powered Electricity Generation Plant. It would become an integral part of the building the day building occupied by its tenants. Here we look into what are the objectives, specifications, services to be considered for functioning complete Diesel Powered Electricity Generation Plant installed in a commercial Building.
Earth electrode resistance, Insulation resistance of factory-built materials installed at the site and Insulation resistance of site-built materials installed at site to be considered individually for field quality control check. It is further to be monitored earth resistance of individual earth unit and combined resistance of earth units.
Master Antenna Television or MATV means many TV connection outlets from one Master antenna control system. Usually high-rise apartment houses, hotels, schools and cluster based residential area utilizes this kind of TV distribution network. It may or may not include FM radio so that one outlet can receive both TV and FM reception. The scope of this section covers the design, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of Master Antenna TV System, for the reception and distribution of television broadcast signals.
Every project is unique, in particular, construction projects. There are many methods applied to accomplish functioning of individual installations included in the whole project. Building services like Mechanical, Electric, and Plumbing (MEP) work have given more importance than other disciplines dealt with. It's because of complexity and alternate methods available to accomplish the same output. While executing individual installations - also known as tasks - construction team have to adopt suitable methods submitted as an integral part of Tender. Most of the project managers or representatives of client keen to look Method Statement of critical and important tasks. We will look into what is Method Statement and what is the importance a Method Statement brings to a construction project.
The scope of work shall cover providing grounding stations, laying copper ground wires and connecting the panels, equipment, etc. to the ground grip as shown in the drawing.
Earth / Ground Station
The ground station shall be as shown in the drawing. The ground electrode shall be minimum 10 feet long 1 inch dia steel pipe with copper weld exterior surface. The ground resistance shall be maintained with a suitable soil treatment as shown on drawings or as discussed and decided at site.
The resistance of each ground shall not exceed 2 ohms.
The ground wire shall be fixed to the rod with a clamp and safety set screws. The clamp shall be permanently accessible. Manholes with proper covers shall be provided.
Ground connections shall be of the bolted type on the top of the rod.
Signal and Communication Systems: For telephone, alarm, voice and data, and other communication systems, provide 16 mm2 minimum insulated grounding conductor in raceway from a separate grounding electrode clean system to each service location, terminal cabinet, wiring closet, and central equipment location.
Earthing or Grounding Electrode for an effective and reliable electrical earthing system requires proper survey and analysis of project location, type of structures installed and electrical / electronic equipment used in the entire system. The design calculation of the earth electrode systems shall be based on the approved earth resistivity data and the system's fault currents and their duration.
Drawing means lines, shapes, finishes, sizes and colour combined to construct objects or structures. It will be a cumbersome task when narrating an idea without drawing, if the idea is an object or structure. Engineering is heavily depending on drawings, since, technical drawing has developed a global language named Engineering Drawing, capable to express its objects and structure to everyone without the barrier of human languages. Engineering Drawings conveniently helps to explain and record an idea that can be smoothly conveyed to one person to other or sometimes to machine too.
In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical Refrigeration Plant has been described in detail under construction contract work. Main Highlights of this MEP Specification are: General Requirements, Compressors, Evaporators, Condensers, Condensing Units, Refrigeration Plant Accessories, Pipework, Valves and Ancillaries, Insulation, and Controls.
It will be the Developers responsibility to obtain all necessary approvals from Authorities having jurisdiction for temporary connections to existing infrastructure. Temporary utilities shall be installed in such a manner as not to interfere with permanent construction. The Plot Developer shall provide any temporary holes or sleeves required to install the temporary utilities and shall be responsible to fill the same upon removal of utilities.
Capacitor banks help to improve the quality of the electrical power and gives us the more efficient operation of the power system. Capacitor banks are inexpensive if we compare the benefits they deliver to overall power system and can be easily installed anywhere on the network. Automatic Power-factor Correction (APFC) Capacitor Banks also known as Shunt Capacitor Banks (SCB) are installed to provide reactive compensation and power factor correction. The use of APFC improve voltage regulation, saves power loss and improve transmission capabilities.