Electrical Earthing or Grounding Methods for Signal And Communication Systems

Electrical Earthing or Grounding in Signal And Communication Systems
Signal and Communication Systems: For telephone, alarm, voice and data, and other communication systems, provide 16 mm2 minimum insulated grounding conductor in raceway from a separate grounding electrode clean system to each service location, terminal cabinet, wiring closet, and central equipment location.

Electrical Earthing or Grounding Method for Road Lighting

Earthing Cables: Separate protective earthing cables for lighting column circuits are to be run with power circuit, terminated at LV supply position in lighting control panel and looped into column earthing terminals. The last column is to be bonded via an earthing bolt to a single 16 mm diameter stainless steel rod, 3.6 m long, driven into ground adjacent to column. Bonding is to be 16 mm2 stranded bare copper conductor.

General Conditions And Requirements in Electrical Construction Contract

Electrical Construction Contract Drawing
A sample Specification for Electrical Construction Contract Works that describes General Conditions And Requirements to accomplish electrical works all in conjunction with Architectural, Civil, Mechanical and other services. All electrical equipment, materials, installation and workmanship shall comply with the latest edition of the applicable codes and standards of any of these organization listed below:

Field Quality Control Method for Electrical Earthing or Grounding System Installation

Method of Electrical Earthing or Grounding System Installation
Earth electrode resistance, Insulation resistance of factory-built materials installed at the site and Insulation resistance of site-built materials installed at site to be considered individually for filed quality control check. It is further to be monitored earth resistance of individual earth unit and combined resistance of earth units.

Mechanical Ductwork, Grilles And Diffusers

MEP Mechanical Specification - ductwork support drawing
In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical Ductwork, Grilles And Diffusers have been described in detail under construction contract work. Main Highlights of this MEP Specification are: Mechanical Ductwork, Mechanical Ductwork Supports, Mechanical Dampers - General Requirements, Flexible Joints for Mechanical Ductwork, Air Intakes and Outlets, Kitchen Extract Canopies, Kitchen Extract Air Ductwork, Access Doors, Ductwork Test Points, Ductwork Protection, Grilles, Diffusers, Sand Trap Louvers, Air Valves, and Fire Dampers.

Transformers in MV Distribution System

Transformers in MV Distribution System
This specification intended to supply, install, test and commission mineral oil immersed 1500 KVA, 3 phase indoor transformers, fitted with cable boxes, bolts, and all necessary accessories. Transformers shall be indoor type, oil filled, two winding, four off load capacity, 2.5% taps, two above and two below high voltage rating in compliance with IEC 76 or BS 171.

Inspection And Test Methods for Building Constructions

Construction Site Inspection
Every building construction work shall be inspected and tested by the representative of the main contractor to keep their Quality Plan in force as detailed here: All the installations will have a unique reference for the purpose of inspection/testing methods; It will be a condition in the purchase order, that wherever necessary individual sub-contractors will prepare inspection and test plans appropriate to their work activities.

Earthing or Grounding Methods for Plant Rooms And Fixed Machinery

Earthing or Grounding Plant Rooms And Fixed Machinery

A. Main earthing bar or loop is to be conveniently located in electrical/mechanical plant rooms, and connected by earthing conductors to exposed conductive parts of motor control centre at its earthing bar, and to motors, switches and other electrical equipment etc. at their earthing terminals, using 20 x 2 mm insulated copper strips or 35 mm2 insulated copper conductor (minimum size) or as required to carry maximum earth fault current for 1 second with final conductor temperature not exceeding 200 deg. C (392 deg. F).

High Voltage and Low Voltage Power Cables In Electrical Construction

Low Voltage Power Cables
This article explains electrical power cables used in construction works complete with supply, installation, testing and commissioning of High Voltage (HV) and Low Voltage (LV) cables. All cables shall conform to standards of IS 7098-1973, IS 1554-1976 and wiring cables to IS 694-1977 however, contractor shall comply with the latest or superseded versions of IS/BIS to be used for the complete work.

Methods of Installing External, Exterior and Outdoor Lighting System

External or Exterior lighting system
Installation Methods of External, Exterior and Outdoor Lighting System includes lighting equipment luminaires, control gears, panel boards, poles, brackets, cabling, and allied minor civil works. All installations are to be carried out under strict supervision of qualified supervisors and engineers. If installation required heavy vehicles, extreme care has to be taken for preventing damages of lighting equipment, control gears and poles.

Installation of Audio Intercom System For Building Project

Audio Intercom System
Audio Intercom System being used in high-rise buildings or commercial complexes, provide two way communication from entrances, gates, go-downs, industrial plants and normal doors, to an internal audio handset. It can be used to screen authorized visitors from outside entrance and useful to communicate internally between persons from one room to another room or office spaces. It can also be used to function as effective public announcement system.

Installation of Structured Cabling For Voice / Data System In Building Construction

Cat6 Voice / Data cables
The Contractor shall design, supply and install outlet plates, conduits, trunking, trays, wiring, junction boxes, distribution frames, patch panels, data rack, backbone cables, etc. necessary to form a complete structured system for voice and data cabling within the buildings. Cabling / wiring shall be provided for voice system from patch panel location to each voice/data outlet. Draw wires shall be provided in conduits for future data cabling / wiring by others (if applicable). The installation shall comply with the requirements of ANSI / EIA / TIA-568-1991 as appropriate as well as Local Telecom Authority.

Typical Installation Details Of Floor / Wall Mounted Electrical SMDB

Floor mounted electrical Sub-Main Distribution Board (SMDB)
Electrical Sub-Main Distribution Boards (SMDB) are the integral part of Electrical LV Power distribution network in the end user premises of a medium and large scale projects. SMDB acts as a mediator between Main Distribution Board (MDB) and Final Distribution Boards (FDB) that serves approximately 100A to 400A load range. The drawings given here shows how to install:

Engineering Drawing / Drafting

Engineering Drawing and Drafting - Representative image
Drawing means lines, shapes, finishes, sizes and colour combined to construct objects or structures. It will be a cumbersome task narrating an idea without drawing if the idea is an object or structure. Engineering is heavily depending drawings, since has developed a global language named Engineering Drawing, capable to express its objects and structure to everyone without the barrier of human languages. Drawings conveniently helps to explain and record an idea that can be smoothly conveyed to one person to other or sometimes to machine too.

Construction Shop Drawings

Construction Shop Drawing
Construction Shop drawings are the actual detail of all manufactured or fabricated items, indicate proper relation to adjoining work, amplify design details of equipment in proper relation to physical spaces in the structure, and incorporate minor changes of design or construction to suit actual conditions.

Typical Details For Cable Tray Installation And Support System

Typical Detail Showing Cable Tray Crossing Building Expansion Joints
Below drawing shows how to install cable tray and its support system. This cable tray support system drawing has Isometric view and cross-sectional view. Following are the steps to be done for laying cables on wall mounted cable tray: Install cable tray support using a pre-fabricated flange or GI channel. The size, length and intervals of the support to be as per the specification, standards, number of cables, and size of the cable.

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