Importance of Fire Alarm System

Fire Alarm System block diagram

Fire alarm systems have become increasingly sophisticated and functionally more capable and reliable in recent years. They are designed to fulfill two general requirements: protection of property and assets and protection of life. As a result of state and local codes, the life-safety aspect of fire protection has become a major factor in the last two decades.

Low Voltage (LV) Switchgears in Electrical Construction Works

Low Voltage Switchgears in Electrical Construction Works

Low Voltage Switchgear are familiar to every people since they are the controlling mediators between low voltage utilities and equipment with human beings. Be it a common home DB or an isolator or control centres, they all are being manufactured to use untrained people ie., common people. The scope of works shall cover the supply installation, testing and commissioning of main and sub-distribution boards, panel boards, fusible safety switches, circuit breakers etc. Associated minor building works require for the erection of the distribution boards and panels shall be included in the scope of work.

 

Earthing or Grounding Method For Transformer Substation

Earthing or Grounding Method for Transformer Substation
MV switchgear and MV cables are to have separate main earthing bar connected to framework or earth bar of each item by insulated conductor and the earth-electrode by 2 insulated earthing conductors, one at each end of bar, via testing joints. Earthing conductor is to be minimum 150 mm2.

Transformers in MV Distribution System

Transformers in MV Distribution System
This specification intended to supply, install, test and commission mineral oil immersed 1500 KVA, 3 phase indoor transformers, fitted with cable boxes, bolts, and all necessary accessories. Transformers shall be indoor type, oil filled, two winding, four off load capacity, 2.5% taps, two above and two below high voltage rating in compliance with IEC 76 or BS 171.

Payment Application Format For Construction Companies

Payment Application for Construction Companies
Construction companies normally submit payment application every month as per the contract agreement. Until completion of the project, they get part payment from their client after submission of claim which is duly approved and certified by project consultant. Project QS collect all the relevant work details and progress percentage from the field engineers in close coordination with Project Manager.

Vacuum Interrupter (VI) for Vacuum Circuit Breakers (VCB) In Electrical Distribution System

Vacuum Interrupter (VI) for Vacuum Circuit Breakers (VCB)

Vacuum Interrupter (VI) are vacuum sealed-off devices incorporated in Vacuum Circuit Breakers (VCB) to cause interruption of fault currents in medium voltage electrical distribution systems. The contacts of the VI are pressed against each other under normal circuit conditions. In the event of a fault current, the VCB mechanism effects withdrawal of the movable contact from the fixed contact.

Method of Lightning Protection System For Building

Lightning Protection System For Building: Method and Specification

Lightning Protection System should be in accordance with BS 6651 and IEC 61024 to protect the building structure and personnel from the risk of a lightning strike. The installation shall comprise air networks connected to roof and down conductors and finally terminated in earth electrodes, via structural re-bars and suitable test points in accordance with the details included on the attached drawings or in the Specification Section.

Master Antenna TV System (MATV) In Electrical Construction Works

MATV System
Master Antenna Television or MATV means many TV connection outlets from one Master antenna control system. Usually high-rise apartment houses, hotels, schools and cluster based residential area utilizes this kind of TV distribution network. It may or may not include FM radio so that one outlet can receive both TV and FM reception. The scope of this section covers the design, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of Master Antenna TV System, for the reception and distribution of television broadcast signals.

Mechanical Ductwork, Grilles And Diffusers

MEP Mechanical Specification - ductwork support drawing
In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical Ductwork, Grilles And Diffusers have been described in detail under construction contract work. Main Highlights of this MEP Specification are: Mechanical Ductwork, Mechanical Ductwork Supports, Mechanical Dampers - General Requirements, Flexible Joints for Mechanical Ductwork, Air Intakes and Outlets, Kitchen Extract Canopies, Kitchen Extract Air Ductwork, Access Doors, Ductwork Test Points, Ductwork Protection, Grilles, Diffusers, Sand Trap Louvers, Air Valves, and Fire Dampers.

Method Statement For Installation Of Cable Tray Or Trunking

Ladder type Cable Tray Installation Method

Electrical Engineers seldom show interest acquiring knowledge and experience on cable tray installations. Most of them think it's a concern of mechanical fabricators to be taken care of it. A proper and professional way of cable tray installation requires good involvement and coordination of people from both electrical and mechanical disciplines. If cable tray system has been installed appropriately in a project, following advantages can be counted:

Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) OR Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) Panel

Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS) OR Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) Panel

Reliable electrical power becomes one of the most wanted factor in modern world industry where operation should be uninterruptible and maximize the cycle of operation, output quality and to avoid losses and damages. Here we are talking about Automatic Transfer Switches (ATS) also known as Automatic Mains Failure (AMF) panel to cater uninterrupted power supply from Mains or backup sources like Diesel gen-set, static ups etc.

Field Quality Control Method for Electrical Earthing or Grounding System Installation

Method of Electrical Earthing or Grounding System Installation
Earth electrode resistance, Insulation resistance of factory-built materials installed at the site and Insulation resistance of site-built materials installed at site to be considered individually for filed quality control check. It is further to be monitored earth resistance of individual earth unit and combined resistance of earth units.

Grounding or Earthing System In Electrical Construction Works

Grounding System In Electrical Construction Contract Works
The scope of work shall cover providing grounding stations, laying copper ground wires and connecting the panels, equipment, etc. to the ground grip as shown in the drawing. The ground station shall be as shown in the drawing. The ground electrode shall be minimum 10 feet long 1 inch dia steel pipe with copper weld exterior surface. The ground resistance shall be maintained with a suitable soil treatment as shown on drawings or as discussed and decided at site.

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