A. Earthing Cables: Separate protective earthing cables for lighting column circuits are to be run with power circuit, terminated at LV supply position in lighting control panel and looped into column earthing terminals. The last column is to be bonded via an earthing bolt to a single 16 mm diameter stainless steel rod, 3.6 m long, driven into ground adjacent to column. Bonding is to be 16 mm2 stranded bare copper conductor.
Earthing / Grounding work has to comply with the requirements of General and Technical Conditions of the Project including statutory obligations and regulations. Submittals to be approved by project consultant prior execution of the actual work. Regulations and rules of supply authority also to be considered when preparing the submittals for the local in which installation is being constructed.
Below drawing shows how to install cable tray and its support system. This cable tray support system drawing has Isometric view and cross-sectional view. Following are the steps to be done for laying cables on wall mounted cable tray:
- Install cable tray support using a pre-fabricated flange or GI channel. The size, length and intervals of the support to be as per the specification, standards, number of cables, and size of the cable.
- Fix the cable tray as shown on the drawing.
- Lay the cable keeping the distance as per calculation.
- Tie the cable using cable tie and label the cables as required.
Signal and Communication Systems: For telephone, alarm, voice and data, and other communication systems, provide 16 mm2 minimum insulated grounding conductor in raceway from a separate grounding electrode clean system to each service location, terminal cabinet, wiring closet, and central equipment location.
Lighting Distribution Boards (LDB) are an integral and essential part of every building project and it must be designed, manufactured and installed all in accordance with the safety standards. In most of the cases it operates a layman wherein others operate dedicated or trained person. This article explains what are the essential standards, parts, frame to be applied for manufacturing and installation of lighting distribution boards in a quality building project.
Earthing or Grounding Electrode for an effective and reliable electrical earthing system requires proper survey and analysis of project location, type of structures installed and electrical / electronic equipment used in the entire system. The design calculation of the earth electrode systems shall be based on the approved earth resistivity data and the system's fault currents and their duration.
Drawing means lines, shapes, finishes, sizes and colour combined to construct objects or structures. It will be a cumbersome task when narrating an idea without drawing, if the idea is an object or structure. Engineering is heavily depending on drawings, since, technical drawing has developed a global language named Engineering Drawing, capable to express its objects and structure to everyone without the barrier of human languages. Engineering Drawings conveniently helps to explain and record an idea that can be smoothly conveyed to one person to other or sometimes to machine too.
It will be the Developers responsibility to obtain all necessary approvals from Authorities having jurisdiction for temporary connections to existing infrastructure. Temporary utilities shall be installed in such a manner as not to interfere with permanent construction. The Plot Developer shall provide any temporary holes or sleeves required to install the temporary utilities and shall be responsible to fill the same upon removal of utilities.
Method Statement For Installation Of Galvanized Conduits that has to be installed on the Exposed Surface of a building is described here.
1. Introduction and Scope
This method of statement specify the detailed requirements and procedures for the installation of Galvanized Conduits for the exposed surface installation requirement for MEP services of the above building.
Capacitor banks help to improve the quality of the electrical power and gives us the more efficient operation of the power system. Capacitor banks are inexpensive if we compare the benefits they deliver to overall power system and can be easily installed anywhere on the network. Automatic Power-factor Correction (APFC) Capacitor Banks also known as Shunt Capacitor Banks (SCB) are installed to provide reactive compensation and power factor correction. The use of APFC improve voltage regulation, saves power loss and improve transmission capabilities.
In this sample MEP specification section, Mechanical General Plant and Machines have been described in detail under construction contract work.
Clean earth grounding or low noise earth shall be provided as required, to ensure that the level of induced or conducted interference from external sources, including the facility power grounding system, does not produce incidence of malfunction of the equipment, which is unacceptable for the operating system. The electronics systems must be protected by providing a network path having low impedance for interconnecting its equipment.
Proper routing, zoning and shielding of the cables / earth wires are important and must serve the purpose of preventing sources of electrical disturbances from the operation of electrical equipment.
The work included within this section is for the supply, connection, testing and commissioning of 13.8 KV switch gears, cables, package sub station and all the related accessories necessary for the proper operation of the system as shown and described on drawings, bill of quantity and herein.
The contractor shall coordinate with the other services (trades) involved in the project to insure that the foundation, are suitable for the equipment to be installed.
Main earthing bar or loop is to be conveniently located in electrical/mechanical plant rooms, and connected by earthing conductors to exposed conductive parts of motor control centre at its earthing bar, and to motors, switches and other electrical equipment etc. at their earthing terminals, using 20 x 2 mm insulated copper strips or 35 mm2 insulated copper conductor (minimum size) or as required to carry maximum earth fault current for 1 second with final conductor temperature not exceeding 200 deg. C (392 deg. F).
This article covers the manufacture, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of 415 volts, 3 ph, 4 wire, Diesel Alternator Set (Diesel Genset). The set shall be mounted on common base frame and complete in all respects including the auxiliary equipment such as battery auxiliary, lube oil pumps, filters, oil storage tank, centrifuge, etc. including piping required for interconnection between the set and the auxiliaries which are mounted separately.