Methods of Installing External, Exterior and Outdoor Lighting System

Installation Methods of External, Exterior and Outdoor Lighting System includes lighting equipment luminaires, control gears, panel boards, poles, brackets, cabling, and allied minor civil works. All installations are to be carried out under strict supervision of qualified supervisors and engineers. If installation required heavy vehicles, extreme care has to be taken for preventing damages of lighting equipment, control gears and poles.

General Questions And Answers In Engineering and Technology

What Is Engineering? Engineering is an art of applying science to the optimum conversion of the resources of nature to the uses of humankind. It is based principally on physics, chemistry, and mathematics and their extensions into materials science, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, transfer and rate processes, and systems analysis. It is thus we must define Engineering: "the practical application of science and math to commerce or industry". In other words "the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems".

Security and Access Control Systems (SACS) for Critical Security Areas

Special areas like Airports, Port Trusts, Naval Base, Military base, Telecom buildings, Refinery, Petroleum handling areas etc. needed highly sophisticated security and access control system. It provides safety and security for both men and equipment the area handling. Here is the specification and installation methods for SACS.

High Voltage and Low Voltage Power Cables In Electrical Construction

This article explains electrical power cables used in construction works complete with supply, installation, testing and commissioning of High Voltage (HV) and Low Voltage (LV) cables. All cables shall conform to standards of IS 7098-1973, IS 1554-1976 and wiring cables to IS 694-1977 however, contractor shall comply with the latest or superseded versions of IS/BIS to be used for the complete work.

Conditions Of Sub-Contract Agreement In Construction

Occasionally Main Contractor of the construction work depends sub-contractor for accomplishing some smaller or part of the project that may require specialized technical know-how and installation methods. In those cases Main contractor selects some sub-contractors who has capacity to achieve the task within the given time frame. Hence both of the parties, ie., Main contractor and Sub-contractor to be signed an agreement which protects both the parties' interest. Here is a sample for Conditions of Sub-contract Agreement in Construction Works.

Execution Method of Electrical Earthing or Grounding Installation

Continuity: Ensure that complete earthing system is electrically continuous and mechanically secure. Locations of main earth bars in substations, electrical rooms, mechanical rooms, hub (Technical) rooms, etc., to be clearly identified by 100mm X 100mm white traffolyte labels, with red lettering, to Engineer's approval.

Construction Specification For Electrical Busbar Trunking (Bus Duct) System

Busbar Trunking System (BBT) in electrical construction, uses to transporting electrical power to a shorter distance but many utilization point, say, within the building or a compound of facilities. Though cables can also be used in these areas, their economic impact would be high if compared to the effective Busbar Trunking System. It will help us to tap power directly from where we want it to be and make utilize to the service point.

Transformers in MV Distribution System

This specification intended to supply, install, test and commission mineral oil immersed 1500 KVA, 3 phase indoor transformers, fitted with cable boxes, bolts, and all necessary accessories. Transformers shall be indoor type, oil filled, two winding, four off load capacity, 2.5% taps, two above and two below high voltage rating in compliance with IEC 76 or BS 171.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering deals with practical applications involving current flow through conductors; focuses on the design, construction, and operation of electrical systems and equipment. It includes developing, producing and testing of electrical and electronic devices and equipment, such as, generators to produce and distribute electricity, electric motors and other electrical machinery, transmission line.

Fire Alarm System In Electrical Construction Works

Fire Alarm System installation work covered by this section of the specifications includes the furnishing of all labor, equipment, materials, and performance of all operations in connection with the whole Fire Alarm System as shown on the drawings and as herein specified. The requirements of the conditions of the Contract, Supplementary Conditions and General Requirements apply to the work specified in this section.

Method of Electrical Earthing And Bonding Multicore Cables

The metallic sheath and armour of multicore cables shall be bonded together and earthed.

Cable earthing conductors shall be copper strip with appropriate section laid in formed cable trenches or ducts, or fixed to walls, concrete or steel work, by means of clamps or claw type cleats, appropriately secured into suitable wall plugs or tapped holes. The spacing of fixings shall not be greater than 1 m. Where earth strip is buried or laid in positions in which there is danger of corrosion it shall be provided with a corrosion-proof serving of extruded thermo-plastic or self-adhesive PVC tape which for short lengths may be hand applied on Site.

Guidelines for Installation of Emergency Power Diesel Generating Set

We often depends Diesel Electrical Genset as emergency power system due to mains failure. As a professional, the installation of diesel electrical power generator should be as per the clients requirement and to be inline with the authoritative norms and standards. Safety, security, convenience, future expansions etc are to be considered and co-ordinated before start detailing of the genset's installation. The generator should be as close to the main change-over board as possible. In cases like Textile Mills, where there is fear of smoke affecting the quality of the yarn etc., generators may be located away from the Plant / Department.

Quality Plan for Construction Projects

It is essential that services and systems in a building construction contract work are provided to conform to the requirements of the customer, and that the activities be effected as economically as practical. The achievement of these objectives is facilitated by setting up working procedures and practices, which collectively provide a “Work Efficient”, yet controlled operating environment. It is the purpose of this Construction Quality Plan to give instruction to personnel, on the implementation of the company system such that the above objectives are accomplished. Documentation specific to the project will be provided to ensure full compliance with the particular requirements of the contract.

Importance of Fire Alarm System

Fire alarm systems have become increasingly sophisticated and functionally more capable and reliable in recent years. They are designed to fulfill two general requirements: protection of property and assets and protection of life. As a result of state and local codes, the life-safety aspect of fire protection has become a major factor in the last two decades.

Low Voltage (LV) Switchgears in Electrical Construction Works

Low Voltage Switchgear are familiar to every people since they are the controlling mediators between low voltage utilities and equipment with human beings. Be it a common home DB or an isolator or control centres, they all are being manufactured to use untrained people ie., common people. The scope of works shall cover the supply installation, testing and commissioning of main and sub-distribution boards, panel boards, fusible safety switches, circuit breakers etc. Associated minor building works require for the erection of the distribution boards and panels shall be included in the scope of work.

Typical Installation Details and Drawings

Construction projects highly depends on typical installation details and drawings. Architects and engineers use this kind of information to reduce their work load. Employees particularly technicians and foremen who execute the project uses typical drawings as general guidelines where repeated structure, forms, shapes, operations, loads, etc. come into force.